March 2 - April 1, 2007
New Work Gallery
In 1963, after painting such American icons as the Campbell Soup can, the Coca-Cola bottle, and Marilyn Monroe, Andy Warhol purchased a 16mm camera and began an astonishing five-year period of filmmaking, directing more than one hundred short and feature-length films. Warhol experimented with the filmed portrait in a series of approximately five hundred black-and-white, silent movies he titled Screen Tests.
Among Warhol’s cinematic oeuvre, the black and white silent films are the most daring and experimental in their selection of subject and theme, psychological acuity, rhythmic pacing, and sheer beauty of form. Warhol specified that prints be projected at a rate used in the projection of silent films from the 1890s through the 1920s.
For this exhibition, a selection of Warhol’s films made in 1963–66 has been transferred from 16mm film to DVD at the speed of sixteen frames per second, and projected onto screens and monitors in a gallery setting. Thus it is again possible to see the works as Warhol intended, and to appreciate the ways in which he challenged and provoked both subject and viewer in his manipulation of moving images.
still from Screen Tests 1964–66: Dennis Hopper, 16mm film, black and white, silent, transferred to DVD at sixteen frames per second; running time approximately 4 l/2 minutes per test. Original film elements the gift of The Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, restored by the Department of Film and Media, The Museum of Modern Art. ©The Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburgh
ideo still) 2002-2003, color video. Photo Credit: Courtesy the artist.
Organized by Mary Lea Bandy, The Celeste Bartos Chief Curator, Department of Film and Media and Klaus Biesenbach, Chief Curator, P.S. 1 and Curator, Department of Film and Media, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Made possible by a generous grant from the International Council of The Museum of Modern Art.